Segregation of Asian Americans before 1960
daguerreotype: Mercury vapor to image John Chinaman: generic Chinese Ka Chau: a random daguerreotypist Lai Yung: Mongolian Artist
Asian American's work were included in museums
Oriental art: Eastern or Asian art and it refers to the historic and contemporary art originating from various Asian cultures
Ideaology: asian good at ancient art (like african american good at music cultrue)
sell orientalia rather than art
e.g. Chiura Obata: ink painting in Japan, not so oriental, rather avant-garde in Japan
people usually use old lens to evaluate contemporary asian art
asian immigrant seek for profit
Yun Gee: Chinese Revolutionary Artist's Club
traveled a lot, to learn art
realist, developed theory of modern color and form - diamondism
"Wheels: Industrial New York (1932)"
bring Chinese content with Western form (modernist painting of Confucius)
"How I Saw Myself in a Dream" - old chinese clothing in city
married a German-French poet (divorced)
become viewed as "Launderer" or "Restauranteur" in New York
"The name for the Chinese in this city was 'Charlie'"
Dong Kingman: founder Asilomar Watercolor Workshop (with Chee Chin S, Cheung Lee)
Yuzuru Henry Sugimoto: wood block prints, some ukiyo-e heritage.
taught art class in WWII camp highschool
Sugimoto: Kristine Kim: internment cut Sugimoto's career
Chiura Obata: art education in camp, Topaz Art School
visual diary of everyday life in camp
Matsusaburo Hibi: took over Topaz Art School
Artist's Job: gardeners, clerk, sign painter, fabric designer, Hollywood art factories
West Coast: abstract expressionist, impressionist
Victor Duena, Roberto Vallangca: painted frescoes
Isamu Noguchi: produce abstract, realist sculptures, monuments, landscape projects, playgrounds, stone sculpture gardens, fountains, furniture, ceramics...
contact with Chinese palaces, gardens
could not escape anti-Asian prejudice
Japanese good are not good after WWII
Japanese understood that Noguchi was performing Japaneseness
Maya Ying Lin: Vietnam War Memorial
Fluxus: Yoko Ono, Shigeko Kubota, Nam June Paik
The Basement Workship: asian american art and literature, multidisciplinary origination
1992 Los Angeles riots (Sa-i-gu): interracial protest
assemblage: use a bunch of small 3D objects to create a big 3D object
picasso and braque "invented"
but asian traditions with pasted paper, mixed-media in Germany, Valentine's Day card...
Arthur Dove, Joseph Cornell
Harold Rosenberg: "way of making"
found, makeshift material
Bataille: dust begin gain upper hand over the servants??
Noah S. Purifoy: Alabama, dead in serving WWII 66 Signs of Neon: recycled material "interpret the August event." Watts Towers Art Center: bring art into prison system // TODO
recycled material explore personal identity
Watts Towers Art Center
engineer, chicago art college
Watts riots: use debris to make art
The Containment Series: aluminum panels, bolts, leather belts and paint.
"Case in Point": luggage -> great migration (package travel like people) // TODO
Black Girl's Window: look into the future
3D figure, centralizing black figure
kitsch: bad art, racist humor
"Sambo's Banjo", "I've Got Rhythm"
Signature: printing, repetition of images to create graphic background
Black performance is key to survival (replaced banjo with rifle, tool of survival) - portrayal of obedience and service with a smile
"The Liberation of Aunt Jemima", "Black eroes"
"Measure for Measure"
image of servant -> white luxury and power, romanticized black servitude
"Omen": from natural materials such as shells, feature, bones. Tracing route back to Africa.
"Mojo Bag" leather, relationship to Africa w/ cultural eruption in American forms
"John the Conqueror": charm in hoodoo pantheon (church)
Ishmael Reed: meet writer, push American aesthetic, labeled Neo-HooDoo - destroyed monologic thinking (African-descended culture)
"Liberation of Aunt Jemima"
Santeria, Candomble, Hoodoo - African Religion
Mary Schmidt Campbell
black liberation, BAM
identified art as icons of racism, weapons of the black cultural revolution
re-visualize stereotype (also Joe Overstreet, Murray DePillars)
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