layout: default title: "A3: Pathtracer" permalink: /pathtracer/ nav_order: 6 has_children: true has_toc: false

PathTracer Overview

PathTracer is (as the name suggests) a simple path tracer that can render scenes with global illumination. The first part of the assignment will focus on providing an efficient implementation of ray-scene geometry queries. In the second half of the assignment you will add the ability to simulate how light bounces around the scene, which will allow your renderer to synthesize much higher-quality images. Much like in MeshEdit, input scenes are defined in COLLADA files, so you can create your own scenes to render using Scotty3D or other free software like Blender.

Implementing the functionality of PathTracer is split into 7 tasks:

The files that you will work with for PathTracer are all under src/student directory. Some of the particularly important ones are outlined below. Methods that we expect you to implement are marked with "TODO (PathTracer)", which you may search for.

You are also provided with some very useful debugging tool in src/student/debug.h and src/student/debug.cpp. Please read the comments in those two files to learn how to use them effectively.

File(s) Purpose Need to modify?
student/pathtracer.cpp This is the main workhorse class. Inside the ray tracer class everything begins with the method Pathtracer::trace_pixel in pathtracer.cpp. This method computes the value of the specified pixel in the output image. Yes
student/camera.cpp You will need to modify Camera::generate_ray in Part 1 of the assignment to generate the camera rays that are sent out into the scene. Yes
student/tri_mesh.cpp, student/shapes.cpp, student/bbox.cpp Scene objects (e.g., triangles and spheres) are instances of the Object class interface defined in rays/object.h. You will need to implement the bbox and intersect routine hit for both triangles and spheres. Yes
student/bvh.inl A major portion of the first half of the assignment concerns implementing a bounding volume hierarchy (BVH) that accelerates ray-scene intersection queries. Note that a BVH is also an instance of the Object interface (A BVH is a scene object that itself contains other primitives.) Yes
rays/light.h Describes lights in the scene. The initial starter code has working implementations of directional lights and constant hemispherical lights. No
lib/spectrum.h Light energy is represented by instances of the Spectrum class. While it's tempting, we encourage you to avoid thinking of spectrums as colors -- think of them as a measurement of energy over many wavelengths. Although our current implementation only represents spectrums by red, green, and blue components (much like the RGB representations of color you've used previously in this class), this abstraction makes it possible to consider other implementations of spectrum in the future. Spectrums can be converted into a vector using the Spectrum::to_vec method. No
student/bsdf.cpp Contains implementations of several BSDFs (diffuse, mirror, glass). For each, you will define the distribution of the BSDF and write a method to sample from that distribution. Yes
student/samplers.cpp When implementing raytracing and environment light, we often want to sample randomly from a hemisphere, uniform grid, or shphere. This file contains various functions that simulate such random sampling. Yes

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